The natural gas industry in and around Europe is going through a period of unprecedented change. Investment into R&D pilot and demonstration projects is essential as it creates the opportunity for new and improved technologies, which are vital in enabling the transition to decarbonization of the gas sector. ENTSOG Members (TSOs) are developing new and innovative technologies to offer sustainable solutions for the gas sector. These technologies focus on optimization of the grid usage, creation of digital layer connections and support decarbonization of the EU gas system. Please find specific examples in the list provided below.
Energy efficiency is extremely important for Teréga, which obtained its ISO 50001 certification in 2014. There are many R&I projects under this theme, focusing on: the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (collection and reinjection of emissions into adjacent pipes for transportation and storage). Once implemented, the solutions studied should allow an 80 to 85% reduction of annual emissions compared to 2015, due to venting.
Colruyt Group (Eoly), Parkwind and Fluxys join forces in power-to-gas. In an initial phase the feasibility of the installation will be examined. Unlike demonstration projects elsewhere in Europe, Eoly, Parkwind and Fluxys envisage to realise in Belgium one of the first industrial-scale power-to-gas facilities. The aim is to build a power-to-gas installation that can convert several megawatts of electricity into green hydrogen which can be marketed as carbon-free fuel or feedstock.
M/R Helle is a demonstration project to test and evaluate the consequences of hydrogen/natural gas mixtures in the gas infrastructure. Mixtures of hydrogen and natural gas will be circulated for two years. The purpose of the project is to find the constraints and to prepare for a possible future handling hydrogen/natural gas in the gas grid.
The Gas Barometer is designed to measure the volume of biogas that is being transported and used in the gas distribution network. This pioneering initiative will allow Swedegas, in partnership with the companies that trade in gas in the network in western Sweden, to produce quarterly figures showing how much biogas is being transported and used in the network. The Gas Barometer will monitor growth in the use of biogas in the network. It can provide an illustration of the impact that control strategies and trading patterns in Sweden and in other countries are having on the market.
Attero starts a pilot with Gasunie Transport Services (GTS) and Enexis for a large compressor (booster) that links the regional supply of green gas with the national demand. Attero wants to expand the production of green gas in Wijster, but it can not lose a larger production locally in the summer. In the summer period, the local demand for gas is low, while the production of green gas remains continuous. With the use of the booster, production can be fed throughout the year because the national network offers unlimited sales opportunities.
Swedegas has taken the initiative to develop Power to Gas in Sweden together with representatives from the Swedish energy industry. As part of a preliminary study, the conditions for Power to Gas were examined from a Swedish perspective. We are now planning to start up a pilot plant in Sweden.
Thanks to a long-established and cutting edge technology, Italy is the first European market for natural gas for vehicles, with over 1 billion cubic meters consumed in 2016 and about 1 million vehicles currently in circulation. Snam believes in CNG as an alternative fuel for road transport and promotes a series of initiatives to foster the use of CNG on an even larger scale. Snam will invest around 150 million euros over the next 5 years to facilitate CNG-refueling-plant development. This will increase the number of existing methane gas stations, improve service quality, and ensure a more balanced distribution of stations througout the country.
Ervia, the parent company of Gas Networks Ireland, commissioned KPMG to develop and evaluate a number of scenarios for the decarbonisation of the one million Irish residential homes currently connected, or within close proximity, to the existing gas network.