The natural gas industry in and around Europe is going through a period of unprecedented change. Investment into R&D pilot and demonstration projects is essential as it creates the opportunity for new and improved technologies, which are vital in enabling the transition to decarbonization of the gas sector. ENTSOG Members (TSOs) are developing new and innovative technologies to offer sustainable solutions for the gas sector. These technologies focus on optimization of the grid usage, creation of digital layer connections and support decarbonization of the EU gas system. Please find specific examples in the list provided below.
This project focuses on the development of a disruptive photoelectrochemical cell that will be used as a reactor for the direct transformation of solar into chemical energy. Innovative materials and new structures are used achieving a remarkable efficiency. This promising technological route allows the competitive industrial production of clean and storable fuels directly from sunlight and water. The project started in September of 2018 and will last for 2 years. The main partners leading the project are Repsol and Enagas.
National Grid are partnering with the Health & Safety Executive to undertake a technical evaluation of the capability of the UK’s National Transmission System (NTS) to transport hydrogen. This project will run up to Spring 2019 and will generate a deeper understanding of how introducing hydrogen will affect gas transmission assets physically; and of the standards required to facilitate hydrogen introduction. The project will also use the findings to evaluate potential UK sites which could demonstrate hydrogen introduction at scale, further advancing the UK’s green energy ambitions.
Energy efficiency is extremely important for Teréga, which obtained its ISO 50001 certification in 2014. There are many R&I projects under this theme, focusing on: the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (collection and reinjection of emissions into adjacent pipes for transportation and storage). Once implemented, the solutions studied should allow an 80 to 85% reduction of annual emissions compared to 2015, due to venting.
Colruyt Group (Eoly), Parkwind and Fluxys join forces in power-to-gas. With the green energy project Hyoffwind, the partners want to build a power-to-gas installation to convert renewable electricity into green hydrogen through electrolysis. Hyoffwind has been set up as an industrial-scale installation (electrolysis of 25 MW of electricity), in line with the industrial projects that are being developed in neighbouring countries.
M/R Helle is a demonstration project to test and evaluate the consequences of hydrogen/natural gas mixtures in the gas infrastructure. Mixtures of hydrogen and natural gas will be circulated for two years. The purpose of the project is to find the constraints and to prepare for a possible future handling hydrogen/natural gas in the gas grid.
The Gas Barometer is designed to measure the volume of biogas that is being transported and used in the gas distribution network. This pioneering initiative will allow Swedegas, in partnership with the companies that trade in gas in the network in western Sweden, to produce quarterly figures showing how much biogas is being transported and used in the network. The Gas Barometer will monitor growth in the use of biogas in the network. It can provide an illustration of the impact that control strategies and trading patterns in Sweden and in other countries are having on the market.
Attero starts a pilot with Gasunie Transport Services (GTS) and Enexis for a large compressor (booster) that links the regional supply of green gas with the national demand. Attero wants to expand the production of green gas in Wijster, but it can not lose a larger production locally in the summer. In the summer period, the local demand for gas is low, while the production of green gas remains continuous. With the use of the booster, production can be fed throughout the year because the national network offers unlimited sales opportunities.
Swedegas has taken the initiative to develop Power to Gas in Sweden together with representatives from the Swedish energy industry. As part of a preliminary study, the conditions for Power to Gas were examined from a Swedish perspective. We are now planning to start up a pilot plant in Sweden.